Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. He entered Yale University at the age of 15 and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in physics at the age of 18. By the time Gell-Man was 21 he had earned a PhD degree from MIT and in a very short period thereafter he revolutionised and dominated the field of particle physics. Murray Gell-Mann was an American physicist who received the 1969 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the theory of elementary particles. He also wrote numerous other pieces on the subjects of complexity and complex adaptive systems. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1969. Three years later he obtained his doctorate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! Murray Gell-Mann was an American physicist, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work in the classification of subatomic particles. This biography profiles his childhood, life, career, research, achievements and timeline. After studying and doing research for a year at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, he joined the Institute for Nuclear Studies at the University of Chicago in 1952.

To learn more about cookies and your cookie choices. With the assignment of a strangeness quantum number and a corresponding conservation law, there arose a new interest in bringing order to the confused multiplicity of particles. After three years of work, the omega-minus particle was discovered in 1964, completing a major family and winning acceptance for the Eightfold Way. He was the Robert Andrews Millikan Professor of Theoretical Physics Emeritus at the California Institute of Technology, a distinguished fellow and one of the co-founders of the Santa Fe Institute, a professor of physics at the University of New Mexico, and the Presidential Professor of Physics and Medicine at the University of Southern California. Notable among them were The Eightfold Way (1964), written in collaboration with Ne’eman, and Broken Scale Variance and the Light Cone (1971), coauthored with K. Wilson. Most of the founders of the institute were scientists with the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Gell-Mann published a number of works on this phase of his career. In Memory of Murray Gell-Mann (15/09/1929 – 24/05/2019), Simply Complex:  The Life and Times of Murray Gell-Mann, Systems Thinking, Geospatial Science and the Complex Nature of the Sustainable Development Goals, The Value of GIS & Spatial Data Science in Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, Urban Futures and the Complex Systems Approach, Arup Foresight & the Future of the Built Environment, 4) Methodologies & Toolkits for Studying Complex Systems, 5) International Complexity Institutes and Research Centres, Segregation Metrics – Equations for Local Spatial Measurements. Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. Gell-Mann’s efforts were assisted by the independent studies of the Japanese physicist Kazuhiko Nishijima. In 1961 he and Yuval Ne’eman, an Israeli physicist, proposed the Eightfold Way. Gell-Mann was a director of the MacArthur Foundation (1979–2002) and served on the President’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (1994–2001).

Murray Gell-Mann, (born September 15, 1929, New York, New York, U.S.—died May 24, 2019, Santa Fe, New Mexico), American physicist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1969 for his work pertaining to the classification of subatomic particles and their interactions.. At age 15 Gell-Mann entered Yale University, and, after graduating from Yale with a B.S. Please note: Text within images is not translated, some features may not work properly after translation, and the translation may not accurately convey the intended meaning. This website uses cookies to help deliver and improve our services and provide you with a much richer experience during your visit. Murray Gell-Man was born in New York City in 1929 and proved to be an exceptional student with an intense interest in nature and mathematics. In 1955 Gell-Mann joined the staff of the California Institute of Technology, where he was appointed Millikan Professor of Theoretical Physics in 1967. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. He entered Yale University at the young age of 15 and received his bachelor’s degree in physics in 1948. In 1984 Gell-Mann cofounded the Santa Fe Institute, a nonprofit center located in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Murray Gell-Mann is an American physicist who is credited with the introduction of the concept of quarks.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1969.

He also collaborated with the well-known and popular theoretical physicist, Richard Feynman, and Gell-Mann’s most notable work included the Eightfold Way scheme and the quark model. And Gell-Mann made a prediction: that there should be one additional type of hyperon, that he called the Ω –, with strangeness -3, and certain mass and decay characteristics. Named after Buddha’s Eightfold Path to Enlightenment, the Eightfold Way was a system for grouping all particles into a simple and orderly arrangement of families, somewhat comparable to the periodic table of elements. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. “Our knowledge of fundamental physics contains not one fruitful idea that does not carry the name of Murray Gell-Man.”  Richard Feynman. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. In The Quark and the Jaguar (1994), Gell-Mann gave a fuller description of the ideas concerning the relationship between the basic laws of physics (the quark) and the emergent phenomena of life (the jaguar). ... and Gell-Mann’s most notable work included the Eightfold Way scheme and the quark model. It has been proposed that six varieties of quarks are the basic building blocks of most other particles. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. Notable among them were The Eightfold Way (1964), written in collaboration with Ne’eman, and Broken Scale Variance and the Light Cone (1971), coauthored with K. Wilson. Gell-Mann was born in New York, New York, on September 15, 1929. Gell-Mann published a number of works on this phase of his career. He won the 1969 Nobel Prize for physics for his groundbreaking work on the description and classification of subatomic particles. Britannica does not review the converted text. Having a keen interest (for almost a decade) in the work of the Santa Fe Institute in Complexity Science, it was inevitable that I would come across one of the greatest physicists and co-founder of the SFI. We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. In 1953 he introduced the concept of “strangeness” to the study of atomic particles. And—sure enough—in 1964, the Ω – was observed, and Gell-Mann was on his way to the Nobel Prize, which he received in 1969. Murray Gell-Mann’s contributions to physics. To re-enable the tools or to convert back to English, click "view original" on the Google Translate toolbar. Apart from George Johnson’s biography of Gell-Mann (Strange Beauty: Murray Gell-Mann, and the Revolution in 20th-Century Physics), Celia Lowenstein made a great documentary – Simply Complex:  The Life and Times of Murray Gell-Mann. Gell-Mann wrote a science book about physics and complexity science in 1994, known as The Quark and the Jaguar:  Adventures in the Simple and the Complex. (1929–2019). In 1984 Gell-Mann cofounded the Santa Fe Institute, a nonprofit center located in Santa Fe, New Mexico. A further development of his studies led to Gell-Mann’s theory of the existence of particles called quarks. He also was a member of the board of directors of Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Gell-Mann died on May 24, 2019, in Santa Fe. Strangeness was a property that accounted for previously puzzling decay patterns of certain nuclear particles. On this date, 91 years ago, was born Murray Gell-Mann, notable physicist and Nobel Laureate. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. For his work on bringing some order to knowledge of the seemingly chaotic profusion of subatomic particles, Murray Gell-Mann was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1969.

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