Jews and the unaffiliated are among the groups that are least likely to say they receive answers to prayers, which is perhaps not surprising given that they are also among the groups least likely to pray regularly. Rules function as a coercive regulator of behavior and are dependent upon the imposing entity's ability to enforce them. "; "Is the content of our beliefs entirely determined by our mental states, or do the relevant facts have any bearing on our beliefs (e.g. [53][57], The British philosopher Stephen Law (1960-) has described some belief systems (including belief in homeopathy, psychic powers, and alien abduction) as "claptrap" and says that such belief-systems can "draw people in and hold them captive so they become willing slaves of claptrap [...] if you get sucked in, it can be extremely difficult to think your way clear again". Typical reasons for adherence to religion include the following: Psychologist James Alcock also summarizes a number of apparent benefits which reinforce religious belief. Originally these were angels, but they were turned into demons after they assisted Satan in his revolt against God. Some influences on people's belief formation include: However, even educated people, well aware of the process by which beliefs form, still strongly cling to their beliefs, and act on those beliefs even against their own self-interest. They may haunt the former house of the dead person or linger in the cemetery where he or she is buried. The received view holds it that Plato's theory presents knowledge as remembering eternal truths and justification reawakens memory, see, Beauchamp, Philip (pseudonym of Jeremy Bentham), Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, texts from within a religion or faith system, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Existence of God § Arguments against belief in God, "The influence of emotions on cognitive control: feelings and beliefs—where do they meet? knows that a proposition Christians are commonly taught to respect the people around them, to help those in need and to treat others as they themselves would want to be treated. Generational differences are especially pronounced among Catholics and Jehovah’s Witnesses. Philosopher Margaret Gilbert (1942- ) has offered a related account in terms of the joint commitment of a number of persons as a body to accept a certain belief. The unaffiliated were asked how often they share their views on God and religion with religious people. (+1) 202-419-4349 | Fax Rules. Joint Publication 3–13. Persuasion can take on more specific forms such as consciousness raising when considered in an activist or political context. Items in lower case italics are classes of religion and not actual religions. By Elizabeth Breuilly, Joanne O'Brien & Martin Palmer. And among Mormons and members of evangelical churches, college graduates are noticeably more likely than others to say they pray daily. Psychiatrist and historian G.E. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. By contrast, members of mainline Protestant churches and Catholics are more likely to say that the Bible is the word of God but should not to be taken literally (35% and 36%, respectively). The world’s most commonly practiced religions often have similar values, although variations exist in the way some values are prioritized over others. The sacred writings of Hinduism include the Vedas and the Upanishads. Nearly three-quarters (74%) of Americans believe in an afterlife, with two-in-three of these (50% of the public overall) saying they are absolutely certain in this belief. Research has indicated that emotion and cognition act in conjunction to produce beliefs, and more specifically emotion plays a vital role in the formation and maintenance of beliefs.[7][8][9]. Jonathan Dancy states that "Durkheim's discussion of collective belief, though suggestive, is relatively obscure".[56]. The Landscape Survey confirms how important religion is to most Americans. More than two-thirds of Americans with a religious affiliation (68%) believe that there is more than one true way to interpret the teachings of their own faith. This approach is a fairly consistent feature among smaller new religious movements that often rely on doctrine that claims a unique revelation by the founders or leaders, and considers it a matter of faith that the "correct" religion has a monopoly on truth.

In fact, majorities of nearly every religious tradition take the view that many religions can lead to eternal life, including more than eight-in-ten Jews (82%), Buddhists (86%), Hindus (89%) and members of mainline Protestant churches (83%), and nearly eight-in-ten Catholics (79%). Along the way, four key measures of religious commitment – importance of religion in people’s lives, belief in God, frequency of prayer and frequency of worship service attendance – are singled out for in-depth demographic analysis. Information Operations. Atheists are much more likely than most other groups to cite science as the authority to which they look on questions of right and wrong, with 20% taking this view. In contrast to other belief systems, religious beliefs are usually codified.[40]. Muslims are divided on this question, with 42% saying God is an impersonal force and 41% saying God is a person.

Subtitled: "The Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions, & Festivals".

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