From 2010 to 2018, the population of ethnic minorities in Xinjiang increased by 22%. (CNN). There have also been accusations that as many as three million Uighurs could be currently in detention camps or that the Chinese government may be euthanizing Uighurs, motivated by the aim of ethnically cleansing Uighurs. "China's embassy in Washington dismissed these allegations as "disinformation". Jalilova claimed she was locked inside a prison-like room with about 20 other women, sitting in two rows. She said they were forced to strip naked in the yard every 10 days and squat up and down in front of guards. But beginning in 2017, Zenz quotes official Chinese government policy directives calling on administrators to "severely attack behaviors that violate family planning (policies)."

When she went to pay the fine, Dawut said she was told she'd also need to have a mandatory "birth control procedure.". The temptation to exaggerate to draw attention to a human rights abuse is often present from victimized groups and it has historically been difficult to confirm that some actions alleged to have been carried out by the Chinese government, such as the organ harvesting of members of Falun Gong, have genuinely taken place. Chinese state-run media has previously called Jelilova a liar, saying she had never been inside one of the vocational training centers, which are what Beijing claims is the purpose of the Xinjiang camps. The second approach was a mass deployment of IUDs, a widely used form of birth control around the world and the most commonly used form in China. On Sept. 4, the official Chinese government Twitter account denied accusations that Muslims and other minorities in China were the targets of a sterilization campaign.

CNN spoke to an ethnic Uyghur and doctor from Xinjiang, who asked to go only by her first name, Gulgine, for fear of retribution. For decades, Zenz said Uyghurs often had larger families than officially permitted, sometimes with as many as nine or 10 children, and when authorities decided to discipline them it was usually only a fine. In a response to the report, the Chinese government said that between 1978 and 2018, the Uyghur population in Xinjiang had grown from 5.5 million to more than 11 million. The temptation to exaggerate to draw attention to a human rights abuse is often present from victimized groups and it has historically been difficult to confirm that some actions alleged to have been carried out by the Chinese government, such as the organ harvesting of members of Falun Gong, have genuinely taken place. But India sterilizes 4.6 million women each year— 37% of sterilizations that take place globally, as Bloomberg reports. Many felt dizzy, tired, or ill afterwards and women stopped getting their periods. Much recent demographic work on contraceptive use and fertility behaviour in China has used data from the well respected fertility surveys carried out by China's State Family Planning Commission (see Riley and Gardner 1997). In August 2019. China has, in the past, sought to encourage Han intermarriages with Uighurs through financial subsidies, perhaps with the hopes of eroding away at independent Uighur identity in this way if more children born in Xinjiang are of mixed Han-Uighur descent. By 2019, Xinjiang planned to subject over 80 percent of women of childbearing age in the rural southern four minority prefectures to 'birth control measures with long-term effectiveness'. It's part of a wider pattern of human rights violations by the Chinese Communist Party in Xinjiang, where authorities are accused of detaining up to two million Muslim-majority Uyghurs and other minority ethnic groups inside vast, fortified centers as part of efforts to enforce greater control over the region. Documents from Xinjiang’s Health Commission, Zenz wrote, indicated the counties were part of a wider project targeting all southern minority regions of Xinjiang’s in 2019 and 2020. Experts estimate that the Chinese government began detaining Uighurs in reeducation camps in Xinjiang in 2014, around the same time China blamed Uighur separatist groups for a series of terrorist attacks in the country. CHINA – Police patrolling as Muslims leave the Id Kah Mosque after the morning prayer on Eid al-Fitr in the old town of Kashgar in China's Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, on June 26, 2017. On Sept. 4, the official Chinese government Twitter account denied accusations that Muslims and other minorities in China were the targets of a sterilization campaign. Imperialism with Chinese Characteristics? Don't you have a mother, a sister, how can you do this to me like that?' 1989; Tu 95). Zenz argued that these findings provide strong evidence of Beijing meeting the genocide criteria under the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, by "imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group". Many of the women who had been permanently sterilized told Gulgine that they didn't know they had undergone the procedure until she told them. They are also made to attend lectures on how many children they should have.Seven former detainees told the AP that they were force-fed birth control pills or injected with fluids, often with no explanation. It is thought that upward of one million Uighurs are currently detained in “reeducation” camps in Xinjiang, where it is alleged that many of the sterilizations are taking place. It is believed that the Chinese government imprisons Uighurs because of the fact that the majority of Uighurs are Muslim and the Chinese government believes that Islam is a dangerous ideology that must be stamped out. China imposes forced abortion, sterilisation on Uyghurs, investigation shows . State-backed scholars have for years alleged that large rural religious families were at the root of bombing, stabbing and other attacks the Xinjiang government blamed on Islamic extremists. When it comes to coercive sterilization, most people think of China. Documents cited by the report show that China originally attempted to fund programs to subsidize the number of voluntary sterilizations in Xinjiang, but that this has now shifted to forced sterilizations. Dawut's story is not unique. According to Zenz's calculations, across all parts of Xinjiang predominantly populated by Turkic minorities, natural population growth dropped from more than 15% in 2014 to just over 4% in 2018. And in a sense it was seen to be out of control. Since the release of Zenz's report in June, the United States government has announced sanctions against prominent Chinese government officials in Xinjiang and the region's Public Security Bureau. Gulgine fled to Turkey in 2012 and set up a clinic in Istanbul in 2013. Zumrat Dawut said she was forcibly sterilized by the Chinese government for having one too many children. Consent is not valid unless the person has adequate and accurate information about the procedure and its consequences, as well as time to deliberate, without any coercion or inducement. Claims that China has been sterilizing Uighurs have circulated for years. Claims that China has been sterilizing Uighurs have circulated for years. But in 2019 they said there is an order from the government that every woman from 18 years to 59 years old has to be sterilized. In June, the Associated Press reported that the campaign was backed up by detentions and hefty fines. When Uyghurs began to be forcibly placed into detention centers in 2016, the vast majority of the inmates were male, according to previous research by Zenz. P]unishing birth control violations with internment has been just one of several strategies to suppress minority birth rates. For years, Uyghur women both inside Xinjiang and around the world have accused the Chinese government of a campaign of abuse, including forced sterilization, cultural indoctrination and incidents of sexual violence. For decades, China had one of the most extensive systems of minority entitlements in the world, with Uighurs and others getting more points on college entrance exams, hiring quotas for government posts and laxer birth control restrictions.Under China's now-abandoned 'one child' policy, the authorities had long encouraged, often forced, contraceptives, sterilisation and abortion on Han Chinese. "This kind of drop is unprecedented... there's a ruthlessness to it," said Zenz, a leading expert in the policing of China's minority regions. China’s Forced Sterilization of Uighur Women Is Cultural Genocide. According to the 2010 national census, about 20 percent of all Uighur women across China had three or more children; in some predominantly Uighur prefectures, that share may be as high as 36.1 percent…", Zenz is listed as a senior fellow at the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, an educational organization in Washington, D.C., that says it is dedicated to both commemorating and “pursuing the freedom of those still living under totalitarian regimes.”. Mahmut, from the World Uyghur Congress, said she hasn't spoken to her four sisters in Xinjiang since 2017, not daring call for fear of getting them in trouble with authorities. CHINA -- Uighur security personnel patrol near the Id Kah Mosque in Kashgar in western China's Xinjiang region, November 4, 2017. "It specifically fulfills one of the five criteria of the United Nations convention for the prevention of genocide, which is the suppression of births," he said. A former resident of Urumqi, the capital of China's western Xinjiang region, the 38-year-old Uyghur woman said she was fined 18,400 yuan ($2,600) in 2018 for having three children, one more than she was allowed to under Chinese rule. Some also said they received injections that either stopped menstruation or caused unusual bleeding, the BBC reported. He is a freelance writer on social movements and politics, as well as a translator. "We call on the Chinese Communist Party to immediately end these horrific practices and ask all nations to join the United States in demanding an end to these dehumanising abuses.". Enter your email address to subscribe to New Bloom and receive notifications of new posts by email. "Over the past 40 years, the #Uyghur population in #Xinjiang grew from 5.55 million to 12 million,” China’s tweet said. ", Meghana Raj Wishes Late Husband Chiranjeevi Sarja on Birth Anniversary: 'I Love You Forever and Always', Sony PS5 India Prices Revealed: Rs 49,990 for PS5, Rs 39,990 for PS5 Digital Edition, In Pics: Netizens Can’t Get Over Many Moods of Suhana Khan at MI vs KKR IPL Match, Nokia 50-inch 4K LED Android TV Review: Good Sound and Features, Conflicting Picture Quality, IPL 2020: I Am a Team Man, Will Always Support Decisions of Captain & Coach - AB de Villiers, Suhana Khan's Array of Expressions at MI vs KKR IPL Match Wows Netizens, Netizens are Impressed by this Kerala Artist for His Amazing Photoshop Skills. "I told him, 'Aren't you ashamed? Between 2016 and 2018, the number of sterilizations in the region increased from 28.5 per 100,000 people to 243 per 100,000. The Chinese government historically allowed minority groups that have up to three children, loosening restrictions that were stricter for Han Chinese under One Child Policy. But experts on the ground said it involved numerous actions to change the way Uyghur women looked.

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