On 28 November 1864, he took the oath to defend the new constitution, which created a unicameral assembly (Vouli) with representatives elected by direct, secret, universal male suffrage, a first in modern Europe. Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark (June 26, 1914 – November 24, 2001) was the fourth child and youngest daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg. [15], His ceremonial enthronement in Copenhagen on 6 June was attended by a delegation of Greeks led by First Admiral and Prime Minister Constantine Kanaris. George I (Greek: Γεώργιος Α΄, Geórgios I; 24 December 1845 – 18 March 1913) was King of Greece from 30 March 1863 until his assassination in 1913. The following year, the King asked Trikoupis to form a government (without a majority) and then read a speech from the throne declaring that in future the leader of the majority party in parliament would be appointed prime minister. [54] The Great Powers refused to allow the expansion of Greece, and on 25 February 1897 announced that Crete would be under an autonomous administration and ordered the Greek and Ottoman Turk militias to withdraw. In the ensuing scandal it became apparent that George and his mistresses had taken part in South Sea Company transactions of questionable legality, but Walpole’s skill in handling the House of Commons saved the king from disgrace. Meanwhile, Sophie’s father remained in contact with his children, but lived apart from them, settling in Monaco. [44], The borders were still not finalized in June 1880 when a proposal very favorable to Greece that included Mount Olympus and Ioannina was offered by the British and French. Edward was a very gregarious king and his personal relationships with other monarchs in Europe gave Edward the reputation as a efficient diplomat. Alice’s three younger siblings, Louise, George, and Louis, later became Queen of Sweden, Marquess of Milford Haven, and Earl Mountbatten of Burma, respectively.

“It has given me everything,” Father Peter said of the priesthood. George was born at the Yellow Palace, an 18th-century town house at 18 Amaliegade, right next to the Amalienborg Palace complex in Copenhagen. Thus, no reply was made to the Duke of Brunswick’s correspondence, the couple wed without George VI’s consent, and after the war the practice of British monarchs receiving and acquiescing to requests to marry from the Hanovers resumed. After some political maneuvering, Venizelos became prime minister of a minority government. Crown Prince Constantine was reinstated as Inspector-General of the Army,[68] and later Commander-in-Chief. … Every child I baptize is my spiritual son and my spiritual daughter. [39][40] George's relationships with other ruling houses assisted him and his small country but also often put them at the center of national political struggles in Europe.
After some political maneuvering, Venizelos became prime minister of a minority government. George's reign of almost 50 years (the longest in modern Greek history) was characterized by territorial gains as Greece established its place in pre-World War I Europe. He is the longest-serving consort of a reigning British monarch and the oldest ever male member of the British royal family. 10. Part I. September 29, 1276: Birth of Christopher II, King of Denmark. Died: 4 June, 1941. Many Greeks, seeking closer ties to the pre-eminent world power, the United Kingdom, rallied around Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. 7. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Prince William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Commemorative Medal for the Golden Wedding of King Christian IX and Queen Louise, This page is based on the Wikipedia article. Deligiannis rode to victory over Trikoupis in elections that year saying that if the Bulgarians could defy the Treaty of Berlin, so should the Greeks. 7 July] 1890 – 1 April 1947) was King of Greece from 27 September 1922 to 25 March 1924 and from 25 November 1935 to his death. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. His shrewd diplomatic judgment enabled him to help forge an alliance with France in 1717–18. Philip’s four elder sisters were Margarita, Theodora, Cecilie, and Sophie. The supporters on either side both depicting Heracles are quite similar to the two wild men from the Danish royal arms. [26] Between 1864 and 1910, there were 21 general elections and 70 different governments.

[78] Schinas was tortured in prison[79] and six weeks later fell to his death from a police station window. On this date in History: March 30, 1863.
“The people assisted me and I cannot thank them enough because it is not my ministry. 8. Although the youngest of four sisters, Sophie was the first to wed, marrying her second cousin-once-removed Prince Christoph of Hesse (1901–1943) on December 15, 1930 in Kronberg, Hesse; she was 16. [10] There were 93 votes for a Republic and six for a Greek. In the words of the official Allied observation report, "There is no doubt in our minds that the party representing the government view exercised undue influence in securing votes in support of the return of the King."[33]. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. George was born on 28 Mary 1660 in Hanover, Germany, the eldest son of the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Her three sisters were Margarita (1905–1981), she married Prince Gottfried of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. George was born at the royal villa at Tatoi, near Athens, the eldest son of Crown Prince Constantine of Greece and his wife, Princess Sophia of Prussia.George pursued a military career, training with the Prussian Guard at the age of 18, then serving in the Balkan Wars as a member of the 1st Greek Infantry. [32] Olga was just 16 years old when she married George at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg on 27 October 1867. Politically, the new king took steps to conclude the protracted constitutional deliberations of the Assembly. [22] The British ambassador to the government-in-exile, Sir Reginald Leeper, noted that the king's coldness did not win him many friends, writing: "Amongst these vivacious, talkative and intensely political southerners he is very much the reserved northerner who damps the ardour of those who might otherwise acclaim him". In 1682, George married his cousin Sophia and they had two children. England’s Whig politicians began to court his favour, but many Tories remained loyal to the Old Pretender. Just before the wedding, he was created Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich. He’s been devoted to our church and always there when we needed him.”. [47], George's silver jubilee in 1888 was celebrated throughout the Hellenic world, and Athens was decorated with garlands for the anniversary of his accession on 30 October. Although his full name was Prince Christian Wilhelm Ferdinand Adolf Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, until his accession in Greece, he was known as Prince Wilhelm the namesake of his paternal and maternal grandfathers, Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, and Prince Wilhelm of Hesse-Cassel. Died: 6 May, 1910. Edward VII of the United Kingdom and Alexander III of Russia were his brothers-in-law, and George V, Nicholas II, Christian X of Denmark and Haakon VII of Norway were his nephews.

In this heated argument the door was flung open and the King stormed out, his face white and taut...In the car as we drove back to the hotel the King would not trust himself to speak; after recovering his composure he went back to Downing Street and informed Churchill and Eden that had no choice but to acquiesce to their demands". Eventually released, Alice wandered Europe until, following the death in a plane crash of Sophie’s sister, Cecilie, in November 1937, she resumed contact with her children and took up a life dedicated to religious charity in Athens. Reign: 1837-1901. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While out on an afternoon walk near the White Tower on March 18, 1913, he was shot at close range in the back by Alexandros Schinas, who was “said to belong to a Socialist organization” and “declared when arrested that he had killed the King because he refused to give him money.” George died instantly, the bullet having penetrated his heart. George I, in full George Louis, German Georg Ludwig, (born May 28, 1660, Osnabrück, Hanover [Germany]—died June 11, 1727, Osnabrück), elector of Hanover (1698–1727) and first Hanoverian king of Great Britain (1714–27). The last German Emperor is a fascinating study. The uprising caused much harm to Greece and his father, King George died in 1913. George was active in British foreign policy in the early years of his reign. The English Parliament’s Act of Settlement (1701), seeking to ensure a Protestant succession to the throne in opposition to the exiled Roman Catholic claimant (James Edward, the Old Pretender), made George third in line for the throne after Princess Anne (queen from 1702–14) and his mother. Her reign saw great advancement of changes with the industrial revolution. George first met Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia in 1863, when she was 12 years old, on a visit to the court of Tsar Alexander II between his election to the Greek throne and his arrival in Athens. On account of his many exiles, he is said to have remarked that "the most important tool for a King of Greece is a suitcase. Through a British Order in Council issued in 1960, descendants of the couple not bearing royal styles and titles can use the surname Mountbatten-Windsor, which has also been used by some members of the royal family who do hold titles, such as Princess Anne, and Princes Andrew and Edward. For three days the coffin of the King, draped in the Danish and Greek flags, lay in the Metropolitan Cathedral in Athens before his body was committed to a tomb at his palace in Tatoi. During the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14) George fought with distinction against the French. This is especially noteworthy given the fact that Prince Philip, Charles’ father, was born on Corfu, and his grandfather, King George I, was the longest-ruling King in Greece. The next opportunity arose in 1885 when Bulgarians rose in revolt in Eastern Rumelia and united the province with Bulgaria. The Duke of Edinburgh is her younger brother. In post-war Britain it was not acceptable for any of the Duke of Edinburgh’s German relations to be invited to the wedding, including Philip’s three surviving sisters, all of whom had married German princes. Naturally, George formed a predominantly Whig ministry. During his time at St. George, Father Peter has overseen upgrades to the church’s heating system; the addition of a new narthex; and the recent repair of the church floor. Meanwhile, through diplomatic means, Venizelos had united the Christian countries of the Balkans in opposition to the ailing Ottoman Empire.

Prince Philip is a member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, itself a Collateral branch of the House of Oldenburg, he was a prince of both Greece and Denmark by virtue of his patrilineal descent from George I of Greece and Christian IX of Denmark, and he was from birth in the line of succession to both thrones; the 1953 Succession Act removed his family branch’s succession rights in Denmark. A decade later, he divorced her for alleged infidelity and imprisoned her in a castle until her death in 1726. He was appointed by the Metropolis of Boston to replace the late Reverend Spyros Mourikis who retired after 42 years at St. George. [21] He also sought to ensure that he was not seen as too influenced by his Danish advisers, ultimately sending his uncle, Prince Julius, back to Denmark with the words, "I will not allow any interference with the conduct of my government".

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